What is the Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (URLTA) ?

In state law, Tennessee Code Annotated Title 66 Chapter 28 contains the Uniform Residential Landlord and Tenant Act.  Sometimes it is called by the acronym URLTA.  It states the landlord shall:

  1. Comply with requirements of applicable building and housing codes materially affecting health and safety;
  2. Make all repairs and do whatever is necessary to put and keep the premises in a fit and habitable condition;
  3. Keep all common areas of the premises in a clean and safe condition; and in multi-unit complexes of four (4) or more units, provide and maintain appropriate receptacles and conveniences for the removal of ashes, garbage, rubbish and other waste from common points of collection subject to § 66-28-401(3).
  4. By statue, the Landlord Tenant Act only applies in counties that have a population greater than 75,000.   These counties are: Anderson, Blount, Bradley, Davidson, Greene, Hamilton, Knox, Madison, Maury, Montgomery, Putnam, Rutherford, Sevier, Shelby, Sullivan, Sumner, Washington, Williamson, or Wilson.  Tenants in these counties can file a complaint with the Tennessee Consumer Affairs Division.  Filing a complaint does not result in a home visit.  Consumer Affairs will attempt the contact the landlord to help mediate the situation.  If the landlord agrees to mediation, then mediation can occur.  If a landlord does not agree to mediation, then legal action is the standard response.